One of the reasons most cited for not ramping up our immigration efforts is the out-migration of our young people. Why do we need immigrants when many of our kids can’t find jobs?
As always, the answer is more nuanced. Many of the kids that leave are professionals that have university education and are not aligned with many of the available jobs in manufacturing and front line services.
My working hypothesis is that more immigration will lead to more higher end professional jobs. First, you have to realize that most of the professional career jobs in New Brunswick are directly related to the population living in the province. In other words, the services they provide cater to the population. If the population is not growing, the number of jobs will not grow either.
Specifically, for every 10,000 people living in New Brunswick, there are (using NHS data):
Over 470 people working in management occupations
66 auditors, accountants and investment professionals
13 insurance adjusters, underwriters and assessors
44 engineers and architects
111 registered nurses and 30 licensed practical nurses
Five optometrists and chiropractors
11 physiotherapists and occupational therapists
143 elementary and secondary school teachers
16 lawyers (sorry, it’s true)
54 psychologists, social workers and counsellors
79 police officers and firefighters
26 welders, 27 electricians and 63 carpenters
In fact, for every 10,000 people living in New Brunswick there are 4,800 people working of which more than 3,000 are employed to provide goods and services to New Brunswickers.
A flatlined population means these thousands of jobs will not exist.
In 2006 Shawn Graham set a goal of growing the population by 100,000 by 2026. We are now in 2015. If we had the 50,000 population growth, ceteris paribus, we would have at least 15,000 jobs of which thousands would be in professional occupations as described above.
If you want new pharmacists, dentists, electricians, lawyers (sorry, it’s true) to stay in New Brunswick, we need to grow the demand and the demand grows through population growth.